Freyr

Velkominn, gesturinn minn!
(Welcome, my guest!) 🍃

You have stumbled upon the part of my Hall that is dedicated to storing primary resources for the Norse God Freyr (ON: Freyr)! Here you shall find links to useful texts, as well as information to the relative chapters and passages that concern him. These resources are meant for research, but are also suitable for more casual learners. I shall not provide a summary of who he is (and was), but rather will allow the texts to speak for themselves. So please do rummage around, my good friend; there is much to be found here!

GUIDE
  • (#) indicates a reference not by name (indirect).
  • […] provides additional information about a given reference.
  • # indicates a reference that may be of particular interest (Fjorn’s Recommendations).
  • ff. indicates that Thor is consistently mentioned throughout the rest of that reference.
  • For verses: stanza#.line#

IMPORTANT: This page is NOT complete. The nature of this page is such that it will frequently be updated with new resources and references as they become known or available.


PROSE EDDA

In accordance with Anthony Faulkes’ translation:

  • Gylfaginning:
    • 24 [brief introduction]
    • 28 [regarding a reference to Freyr’s messenger, Skirnir]
    • 31-2 [regarding Freyr’s love for a giantess name Gerd]
    • 37 [regarding the gift of Skidbladnir, a splendid ship]
    • 50 [regarding Freyr’s arrival to Baldr’s funeral]
    • 54 [regarding Freyr’s actions at Ragnarok]
  • Skáldskaparmál:
    • 59 [regarding Freyr’s presence upon Ægir’s arrival for a feast]
    • 75 [regarding how Freyr ought to be referred to]
    • 86 [in a kenning for Freyja]
    • 88 [as Ingi-Freyr in a kenning referring to the gods]
    • 95 [Freyr at Ægir’s feast]
    • 97-8 [Freyr receives gifts crafted by the dwarves (Skidbladnir and Gullinbursti); also in a few kennings]
    • 115 [in a kenning for ‘warrior’ or ‘man’]
    • 117 [in a kenning for ‘warrior’]
    • 145 [in a kenning for ‘warrior’]
    • 156-7 [as Yngvi-Freyr in a listing of the gods]
    • 163 [as a name for an ox]

POETIC EDDA

In accordance with Carolyne Larrington’s translation:

  • Grímnismál (The Lay of Grimnir):
    • 5.3 [regarding Freyr’s relationship with Alfheim]
    • 43.3 [regarding Skidbladnir as a gift to Freyr]
  • Skírnismál (The Lay of Skirnir):
    • prose [regarding Freyr’s spotting of Gerd]
    • 3.1 [Skirnir asks why Freyr does not have a wife]
    • 4 [Freyr confesses his love-sickness]
    • 9 [Freyr prepares Skirnir for his journey]
    • 19.3 [Skirnir attempts to win Gerd over for Freyr]
    • 20.3 [Gerd responds to Skirnir about Freyr]
    • 33.2 ff. [Gerd and Skirnir continue talking about Freyr]

NOTE: Freyr is a main figure throughout this poem and often speaks directly without referring to himself by name. I advise that you consider this poem in full.

  • Lokasenna (The Flyting of Loki):
    • prose [regarding Freyr’s presence upon Ægir’s arrival for a feast]
    • 36 [Loki states that Freyr was born from incest]
    • 37.1 [Tyr defends Freyr]
    • 42 [Loki criticizes Freyr over his actions regarding Gerd]
    • 43.1 [Byggvir (referring to barley) defends Freyr]
    • 44.2 [mentioned in another insult from Loki]
  • Hyndluljóð (The Lay of Hyndla):
    • 30.2 [in a reference to Freyr’s desire for Gerd]

FORNALDARSÖGUR (Sagas of the Ancient Age)

In accordance with Seven Viking Romances, translated by Hermann Pálsson and Paul Edwards:

  • Ǫrvar-Odds saga (The Saga of Arrow-Odd):
    • Chapter 29 [(in verse) regarding Freyr’s anger about a temple being destroyed]

HEIMSKRINGLA (Sagas of Kings)

In accordance with Heimskringla I, translated by Alison Finlay and Anthony Faulkes:

  • Prologue:
    • 3 [Sæmingr named as a son of a mortal Yngvi-Freyr and in a reference to his burial in a mound at Uppsala]
  • Ynglinga saga (The Saga of the Ynglings):
    • Chapter 4 [regarding the Æsir-Vanir war; Freyr becomes a sacrificial priest under Odin; mentioned as being born from incest]
    • Chapter 5 [Freyr takes residence at Uppsala]
    • Chapter 10 [Freyr rules over the Sviar after Njord’s death; Freyr builds a great temple at Uppsala; under his rule is an era of peace; Freyr also called Yngvi; Freyr dies]
    • Chapter 11 [Fjolnir is mentioned as being the son of Yngvi-Freyr]
    • Chapter 20 [in verse referring to his descendants]
    • Chapter 29 [in verse referring to his descendants]
  • Haralds saga ins hárfagra (The Saga of King Harald Fair-hair):
    • Chapter 12 [in verse referring to his descendants]
    • Chapter 15 [in a kenning likely referring to battle]
  • Hákonar saga góða (The Saga of Hakon the Good):
    • Chapter 5 [in a kenning for a ruler]
    • Chapter 14 [regarding a toast in his name (to bring prosperity); the toast is also to Njord]
  • Ólafs saga Tryggvassonar (The Saga of Olaf Tryggvason):
    • Chapter 18 [in a kenning referring to a warrior]
    • Chapter 40 [in a kenning referring to peace]

ÍSLENDINGASÖGUR (Sagas of Icelanders)

  • Gísla saga Súrssonar (Gisli’s Saga):
    • Chapter 15 [regarding a sacrifice for Freyr during Winter Nights]
    • Chapter 18 [regarding a ‘miracle’ performed by Freyr due to satisfaction with sacrifices]
  • Vatnsdæla saga (The Saga of the People of Vatnsdal):
    • Chapter 10 [referring to an amulet with Freyr carved on it]
    • Chapter 12 [regarding how Freyr wants that amulet to rest at the place where his high seat will be established]
  • Ögmundar þáttur dytts (The Tale of Ogmund Bash):
    • [A considerable part of this tale discusses how much Freyr was worshipped in Sweden — so much so that the temple idol actually spoke (or rather that, according to the saga, the devil spoke through it). But it mentions that people thought the idol to be alive and had a wife (presumably a priestess in his temple). Someone comes and stays here and there is much said about Freyr.]

NOTE: There are no chapters in this tale. Furthermore, I have a different version of the tale myself which is part of an expensive collection that most folk will not have. That said, I cannot provide helpful page numbers. The tale is rather short, though, so I advise just reading it in full.

  • Víga-Glúms saga (Killer-Glum’s Saga):
    • Chapter 5 [in reference to a man known as Thord Frey’s Godi]
    • Chapter 9 [regarding a prayer and sacrifice (in direct speech) to Freyr (in a temple for him)]
    • Chapter 19 [regarding outlawed men forbidden from Freyr’s temple, since he himself forbade it]
    • Chapter 26 [in a dream and regarding his temple (in connection with chapter 19)]
  • Brandkrossa þáttur (Brandkrossi’s Tale):
    • Chapter 1 [a certain man dedicates a feast to Freyr in hopes for prosperity and goodness for the person who lives there after him]

 


REMEMBER: This page is NOT complete. I have only added what I could from my personal library, but I will be taking time in the future to gather more resources for this page. However, this should be enough to get the project started!

Advertisements